LeetCode 1350. Students With Invalid Departments

Description

https://leetcode.com/problems/students-with-invalid-departments/

SQL Schema

Table: Departments

+---------------+---------+
| Column Name   | Type    |
+---------------+---------+
| id            | int     |
| name          | varchar |
+---------------+---------+
id is the primary key of this table.
The table has information about the id of each department of a university.

Table: Students

+---------------+---------+
| Column Name   | Type    |
+---------------+---------+
| id            | int     |
| name          | varchar |
| department_id | int     |
+---------------+---------+
id is the primary key of this table.
The table has information about the id of each student at a university and the id of the department he/she studies at.

Write an SQL query to find the id and the name of all students who are enrolled in departments that no longer exists.

Return the result table in any order.

The query result format is in the following example:

Departments table:
+------+--------------------------+
| id   | name                     |
+------+--------------------------+
| 1    | Electrical Engineering   |
| 7    | Computer Engineering     |
| 13   | Bussiness Administration |
+------+--------------------------+

Students table:
+------+----------+---------------+
| id   | name     | department_id |
+------+----------+---------------+
| 23   | Alice    | 1             |
| 1    | Bob      | 7             |
| 5    | Jennifer | 13            |
| 2    | John     | 14            |
| 4    | Jasmine  | 77            |
| 3    | Steve    | 74            |
| 6    | Luis     | 1             |
| 8    | Jonathan | 7             |
| 7    | Daiana   | 33            |
| 11   | Madelynn | 1             |
+------+----------+---------------+

Result table:
+------+----------+
| id   | name     |
+------+----------+
| 2    | John     |
| 7    | Daiana   |
| 4    | Jasmine  |
| 3    | Steve    |
+------+----------+

John, Daiana, Steve and Jasmine are enrolled in departments 14, 33, 74 and 77 respectively. department 14, 33, 74 and 77 doesn't exist in the Departments table.

Explanation

select from where not in ().

SQL Solution

# Write your MySQL query statement below
select Students.id as id, Students.name as name from Students where Students.department_id not in (select Departments.id from Departments)

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